This anonymized visualization is one of a series of analytics mapping the money flows between large Chinese companies for a Corporate Banking Risk Analysis project at a large Chinese bank. The analysis uses Fund Transfer transaction data to understand risk and uncover market opportunities.
In this graph, the dots (nodes) represent the companies, via their account holdings. The lines (edges) represent a transfer of funds between the companies, so each line shows a movement of money from one account to another.
The charts shows all the money flows between the different colored companies. We can map flows through 2,3 and 4 subsequent transactions, such as the light green company, to understand upstream supply chains and the interdependency companies have on each other.
To manage risk, the bank can identify any large exposure concentrations to groups of highly interdependent companies, where a single failure may bring down all the companies. It allows the bank to identify the critical companies in the supply chains and independently cross check a company's cash flow to verify its health. It also helps identify fraud. The bank can check the true business activity of a company and can verify that loaned funds are used for their stated purpose. For example a manufacturer that is investing speculative funds in the stock market rather than paying suppliers or who took out a loan to build a factory but really used the funds for short-term residential real estate trades.
For marketing it highlights gaps in the banks servicing. Where high volumes of funds flow out (or in) to the chains identifies high value prospect companies. For existing clients it reveals any high value gaps in service provision for wider financial services such as financing, clearing and risk management.
About the Analytics
This analysis uses Teradata Aster and Aster Lens. The transaction data loaded was very large in size: 60,802,990 records for over 670,000 companies. The company records contain industry classification codes so we can understand their business activity. For this chart PageRank was used to select the top 32 important customers and we included all the relevant counterparties with total transactions greater than or equal to CNY 700,000. (USD 115k).
In this graph, there are 3883 nodes and 3943 edges. The nodes represent the companies while the edges represent the cash flows between the companies.
About the Analyst
Qiling (Mary) Shi is part of a pioneering group of Chinese Data Scientists that have been partnering with the banks in China to experiment with large-scale risk analytics using high intensity super graphic methods. Their goal is to uncover new ways of managing risk in Chinas highly complex commercial system. Their work on corporate customers, including 'Fund Fountains', is just one example of a series of innovations that this talented group have given to the wider banking world, to help de-risk our financial systems.
Qiling is a presale consultant for Teradata China's Aster & Hadoop Big Data Center Of Excellence (COE). Qiling got her PhD degree in Applied Mathematics at University of Central Florida. She is currently doing her MBA part-time at the University of Delaware. Prior to Teradata, she worked in the risk management department of PNC Bank in Pittsburgh for over 2 years. During that time, she developed many algorithms to fight fraud and money laundering; several of which were reported to the Office of Currency Controller by PNC. She has also developed and published computer programs in SAS conferences while working for the Computer Sciences Corporation.
If the Vietnam war was a 'Television War', the on-going conflict in Iraq and Syria involving the organisation commonly referred to as the Islamic State (aka ISIS or ISIL) is a 'Social Media War'. Members of ISIS have regularly exploited social media such as Twitter to recruit followers, spread propaganda, and as a weapon of terror. They have been able to exert enormous influence on how the world perceives them by posting images and videos of extreme violence.
Through their activities they have been highly successful in radicalising disenfranchised Muslim youths and inspiring numerous terrorist attacks around the world. The ISIS Twitter machine is highly organised and tech-savvy, making them difficult foe to combat. This problem is magnified by the dynamic nature of the ISIS social media network. Users are regularly suspended but continuously reconnect under new accounts, making them very difficult to track.
This visualisation shows a small part of the ISIS Twitter network, demonstrating the complexity of the social interactions and the difficulty faced in identifying and tracking individual people of interest. The problem is exacerbated by connections between ISIS members and news sources, political activists and academic researchers, all of which in turn have thousands of connections that are mostly benign.
The highlighted nodes in this visualisation represent a sample of users who all have a history of tweeting messages of hate and violence in support of the activities of ISIS. These users were identified using a sample of 33 supporters and members of ISIS, including known recruiters and propagandists. Graph analysis techniques were employed to analyse the connections between these radicals and their friends and followers, in order to identify the most influential users in the network. Advanced analytics can thus provide clarity where before there was only chaos and confusion. It allows us to study the social network connections of ISIS supporters and followers and ultimately identify the movers and shakers in their web.
About the Analytics
This Teradata Aster visualization shows a Gephi representation of an Aster AppCenter produced graph using the list of friends and followers of the 33 Twitter users who are members or supporters of ISIS and, in turn, their friends and followers. The total number of Twitter users analysed is 334,370, though only the top 10% of nodes are shown here. The plot uses eigenvector centrality to measure the influence of each user in the network, with the dots (nodes) representing the users and the lines (edges) indicating the other users each node is connected to. The highlighted nodes indicate the users that are known or suspected supporters/members of ISIS, while the highlighted edges trace the connections between these users and other users in the network.
About the Analyst
Unfortunately it is a sign of the times we live in that the analyst for this piece must remain anonymous. Analytics plays a vital role in society across a wide variety of sensitive topics such as helping maintain our peace, medical research, prevention of the spread of disease, border integrity and managing risk deep within our financial system. The analysts that support this work, by its nature, are often working in secrecy due to sensitivity or to the need to protect them from becoming targets. Although we are unable to credit the analyst in this case, we do appreciate their daily work and the role all such analysts provide behind the scenes on behalf of our global society.
This data visualization represents claims made by a Service Provider against an Employer. The nodes in the middle of each small "explosion" represent the Service Provider, the nodes at the periphery represent Employers and the edges between them represent the relationships. The thickness of the edge is proportional to the value claimed.
The visualization was used to look at the relationship structures between service providers and employers. Service Providers help people find employment and also provide job seekers with ongoing support to retain their jobs. To be effective and to provide personalized and flexible services to job seekers, a Service Provider would typically have strong connections with a large number of Employers.
The visualization was used to look for unusual type of connections. For example:
An isolated group where a Service Provider is connected to many Employers but in a network separated from the rest of the graph.
One Service Provider connected to only one employer.
Loops where a Service Provider is also an employer.
Driver behind this business case is a government body, the Department of Employment, which is responsible for monitoring the way employment services are delivered. The providers liaise with local employers and registered training organizations, to provide the right mix of support for job seekers. The goal of this project was to investigate significant and systemic non-compliance that exists in the claims made.
About the Analytics
This visualization shows a network graph created using Teradata Aster Lens. Claims data from the Department of Employment were loaded into the Teradata Aster discovery platform.
Claims were classified then tested for veracity by chronology, geolocation and variation; and analysed longitudinally for processing and event anomalies. Network graphs were generated to observe patterns of collusion. This provided a quick way to see which Service Providers claimed money against which Employers.
The visualization was also used for comparison between different time periods. Similar graphs can be constructed on a periodic basis to see if new isolations or patterns appear over time in the network.
About the Analyst
Tatiana Bokareva is a Data Scientist with the Teradata Advanced Analytics team in Australia and New Zealand. Originally from Moscow, Tatiana now lives in Sydney with her 2 young Australians and she works with key clients in the financial services, government and telecommunications industries. Tatiana is a Teradata blogger and particularly enjoys combining her passion for analytics with her practical, hands on experience in fashion and retail! She is published extensively and has presented at many international conferences.
Tatiana has a Bachelor degree with Honours and PhD in Computer Science from the University of New South Wales. Tatiana was runner up for the Dean Postgraduate Research Award in Information and Communication sector. She was awarded the prestigious Women in Engineering Scholarship. During her PhD she was trained at NICTA (National ICT Australia).
Tatiana's PhD was in the area of the Internet of Things (IoT), namely her work evolved around building self-reliant, self-healing, fault tolerant sensor networks. She also held part time research appointments at the university.
Are you ready to unlock the digital world of retail? Style & Statistics is an approachable, innovative guide to analytics in retail – encompassing everything from merchandising and pricing to consumer marketing and promotions. Brittany Bullard, a retail aficionado and analytics guru for SAS Retail, lays out how you can enhance your organization’s value and create your own success story.
This anonymized visualization was created for a Telco operator analyzing residential Telco lines. The project aimed to identify linkages between line and network hardware performance that may impact customer experience.
The dots (nodes) represent DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) on the Telco's network. DSLAM provide a vital service that can impact customer call experience; they connect customer lines to the main network. DSLAM service levels were measured by metrics, such as attenuation, bit rate, noise margin and output power, and clustered into three performance categories for each line. The purple nodes show DSLAM with excellent performance, orange: good performance and white: poor performance.
In the chart only a small number of DSLAMs experienced a high quality of service (purple). These DSLAM were co-located in the same building as the main network infrastructure, hence their proximity to the central network hub results in a premium service. The majority of customers achieve a good experience (orange), however there are a large number of DSLAM delivering a poor service (white) that were found to be located outside of the main city.
Customer experience and satisfaction suffers most when customers receive variable network quality. The Telco's primary concern is to ensure customers receive a consistent experience, even if that may be consistently poor due to their location is outside of the main city. The chart pinpoints every DSALM that delivers variable service levels; represented by the shared nodes between the good (orange) and poor (white) clusters. Armed with this data the Telco can now investigate and optimize the variable DSLAM.
About the Analytics
This sigma visualization was created using the in-built analytics and visualizations found in the Teradata Aster platform.
Data attributes from residential lines across the city were gathered, such as attenuation, bit rate etc. These attributes were clustered to identify performance bands indicating customer network experience.
These clusters formed a basis for correlation and regression analyses to determine how the network performance varied in conjunction with factors such as: line technology and length, modem type and configuration, DSLAM, card technology, geographic location etc.
The sigma visualization shows only one part of the overall analysis, namely the linkage between DSLAM'â€™s and network performance.
About the Analyst
Yasmeen is one of the most creative and insightful Data Scientists at Teradata. Yasmeen grew up in Scotland, where she enjoys the great outdoors, in particular hiking the Scottish Munros and sea kayaking.
Her work has seen her traverse many countries, including the UK, Ireland, Netherlands Turkey, Belgium and Denmark where she covers the finance, telecommunications, retail and utilities industries. Yasmeen specializes in working with businesses to identify their challenges and translate them into an analytical context. She has a unique ability to focus on how businesses can leverage new or untapped sources of data, alongside novel techniques, to enhance their competitive capabilities.
Yasmeen has worked with many analytical teams, providing leadership, training, guidance and hands-on support to deliver actionable insights and business outcomes. She uses various analytical approaches, including text analytics, predictive modelling, development of attribution strategies and time series analysis. She believes strongly in the power of visualizations and their ability to communicate complex findings to business users in a way that makes taking action easy.
Prior to Teradata, Yasmeen worked as a Data Scientist in the life sciences industry, building analytical pipelines for complex, multi-dimensional data types. Yasmeen also holds a PhD in Data Management, Mining and Visualization, which was carried out at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation & Expression. She has published several papers internationally and is a speaker at International conferences and events. In addition she has taught on MSc courses related to Data Science and Business Intelligence.
Yasmeen developed a keen passion for data analytics and visualization through her studies, having always been curious to ask questions and learn more. These skills have allowed Yasmeen to explore many opportunities in multiple disciplines, providing her with an endless world of new challenges!
Fusing business acumen, data science, and creative visualization, the Burning Leaf of Spending enabled a major bank to detect anomalies in customer spending patterns that indicate major life events, and provided artful insights into the personalized service required to enhance the customer experience, improving lifetime value.
About the Insights 'The Leaf' fuses real life imagery with a data visualization to provide a vivid demonstration of where the future of analytics may be going. As technology improves both the graphics and the speed and ease with which data can be visualized, one emerging form is using real life imagery to replace the technical diagrams of the past.
The implications are huge. Free of imposing technical diagrams, visualizations using real life imagery allow insights to be easily consumed by anyone, even small children. Marketers can translate product benefits using real life representations. For example, showing farmers the physical benefits of fertilizers and chemical protectants by using real life images of their farms with the different crop growth they can achieve, may translate a sales message with a remarkable insight not many farmers would getfrom graphs alone.
The Leaf image was created using Kailash Purang's 'Single Malt Sampler' data set. In this graph the dots (nodes) that form the spine of the leaf are the whisky brands, similar tasting whiskies appear closest together. The lines (edges) link each brand to other brands, which share a flavour characteristic. The result was this near perfect leaf image.
Thus 'The Leaf' adapts to what Kevin Slavin refers to in his brilliant TED talk about a world run by algorithms — it is a metaphor to encourage us to think about data and maths from a contemporary point of view.
About the Analytics The underlining data set has been extracted from the Teradata Aster Lens environment and processed with Gephi; an open source tool for visual data analysis and exploration.
"The Leaf" applies a Radial Axis Layout, which distributes the nodes on linear axes radiating from a circle. Grouping and ordering the nodes on an axis by degree produces the straight line of nodes along the centre of the graph (leaf). The actual leaf is then automatically drawn by curved edges between the nodes and applying a greenish colour range to nodes and edges. Et voilá, here is "The Leaf" shown in the bottom right of the picture.
The single leaf created by the data visualization was added to the real world photograph of the plant using Photoshop. This allows us to see how life like the digitally created leaf appears next to the real world leaves of the plant.
About the Analyst Alexander is a founding contributor to The Art Of Analytics project. He has an unusually strong design eye matched with the technical proficiency to manipulate complex analytical images to emphasise their insights. Alexander is the producer of all The Art Of Analytics images, working with Teradata's Data Scientist Community. He specializes in manipulating Aster Lens and Gephi images to produce the exceptional high quality, high resolution 'Art' pieces found in the collection.
Alexander is currently based in Zurich, having grown up near Frankfurt, Germany and graduated from Kingston University in London.
Shortly after, he began his analytics career working as a Business Intelligence Project Manager across various industries and geographical regions. During this time Alexander developed a keen understanding of the importance different visual imagery can have on the ability to effectively communicate a message. In particular, when dealing with mixed audiences, no matter the organizational hierarchy, expertise level or language skills; he found that pictures and visualizations were instrumental in forming a common understanding among the audience. Thus Alexander took an early interest in the importance of the form and structure of the different visual elements that aid communication. Today Alexander is working as a cross industry Account Executive for Teradata in Switzerland, looking after and supporting a variety of Teradata customers as well as prospects. His passion for visual representation plays a major role in his current job, as he shares complex concepts and analytic insights with his clients.
And when Alexander is not out and about with his customers or prospects, or working late at night creating amazing pieces of 'Analytic Art' you might find him cruising on his motorbike through the Alps or traveling the world with his camera — always on the hunt for the next geocache and picture.
Using analytic techniques that normally follow the "Customer Journey," Teradata Think Big consultants and data scientists use data and analytics to visualize & identify ‘The Human Journey,” allowing Buttle UK to identify and fulfill needs for at risk